The Tuas plant is part of the organization`s plans to increase its desalination capacity tenfold by 2060 to cover 30% of its water needs. In response to the termination, Hyflux said on April 17: “The termination of the water purchase contract is expected to have a significant impact on the group`s financial capacity.” In recognition of our vulnerability to water, we have consciously and consistently developed two local weather-resistant sources (NEWater and desalies). With local watersheds and imported water, they form our four national taps and provide Singapore with a robust and sustainable water supply. At Malaysia`s request, Singapore provided Johor with treated water that went beyond Johor`s claims under the 1962 water agreement. This surplus treated water is delivered at the same price as under the 1962 water agreement. This is done out of goodwill and without prejudice to our rights under the 1962 water agreement. Singapore has regularly supplied Johor with 16 mgd and sometimes up to 22 mgd of treated water. The second water agreement was signed in 1962 and expires in 2061. It allows Singapore to draw and use 250 million gallons of raw water per day from the Johor River.
In return, we have an obligation to provide Johor with treated water of up to 2% of the water we import. PUB draws water from the Johor River and treats water in the Johor River Waterworks near Kota Tinggi in Johor. The water we import from Johor is one of our four national taps. On 17 April (Wednesday), PUB, Singapore`s National Water Agency, announced that it would buy Hyflux`s Tuaspring Desalination Plant (TSDP) and that the water purchase contract (EPA) would be terminated. In 1927, in order to ensure an adequate supply of water in the rapidly modernizing colonial city of Singapore in the 1920s, the singapore tour and Sultan Ibrahim of the state and territories of Johor, in the nearby city of Malaya, signed an agreement allowing Singapore to lease land in Johor and use its water for free. The Singapore Municipal Water Department under David J. Murnane began importing raw water from Gunong Pulai in 1927 and filtered the water on December 31, 1929. Since then, several water agreements have been signed between two countries. Singapore and Malaysia have long been in conflict over water supply. PUB announced the tender for its second desalination plant at Singapore International Water Week last year (see water video interview – Wastewater International).
Our domestic water consumption increased from 148 litres per person per day in 2016 to 143 litres in 2017. Our water protection efforts are working, but we need to do better. The press release states that the procedure was “for the protection of Singapore`s water safety” and that “the notice provides for a 30-day delay before PUB takes the TSDP.” On June 25, 2018, Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamed announced his intention to renegotiate the agreement with Singapore, as the low price at which water is exported to Singapore has caused Malaysia to lose considerable revenue.  The 1962 water agreement provided for a price review after 25 years.