After Brexit, the agreement will guarantee citizens of the UK and Switzerland access to each country`s state benefits, including coverage under the EUROPEAN Health Insurance Card. This means that these social security rights will be protected for a transitional period between the withdrawal date and the end of December 2020 if the UK leaves the EU without agreement, with an aggregation of the necessary contributions to the right to benefits and being able to export them to the UK and Switzerland. The same state remains responsible for social security, collects contributions and grants benefits without discrimination. For example, A1 certificates relating to current social security legislation and related rights remain in force. This agreement will not suspend or succeed the agreement between Britain and Swiss civil rights. UK and Swiss nationals covered by the civil rights agreement will continue to protect their rights under the agreement after the end of 2020. One of the fundamental principles of EU Regulation 883/2004 on the coordination of social security coordination rules is to ensure that people benefit fully from the contributions they make. If Brexit ends in a “no deal”, Eu and Swiss workers in the UK and British workers in an EU member state and Switzerland could lose their existing social security protection provisions under the existing reciprocal agreements and become, for the most part, third-country nationals who are not entitled to free movement. Other special situations in which social protection is guaranteed after 31 December 2020 are: British nationals working in Switzerland and another EU Member State are also affected by Brexit, as EU rules on social security coordination will no longer apply to such cases in the future. A person who is temporarily there before Brexit from Switzerland to Great Britain (or vice versa) can continue to rely on his legislation and the cover certificate (A1 mobile document) to maintain social security in the UK and Switzerland. The UK and Switzerland have agreed on a social security transition agreement after the EU withdrawal. More information on the Citizens` Rights Agreement This means that these social security rights will be protected for a transitional period between the withdrawal date and the end of December 2020 if the UK leaves the EU without a deal, to ensure that citizens continue to have access to vital protection measures and that their right is provided by law.
It is mid-November and negotiations are still ongoing. Unfortunately, this means that there is still a lot of uncertainty, particularly with regard to the future coordination of social security.