Addis Ababa Peace Agreement 1972

Page 259 Note 1 See United Nations General Assembly, Aide-Memory Appeal for Assistance for the Government of the Sudan (New York, 1972), p. 3; and U.N.H.C.R., The Water-Road: Highway to regional development at Qala in Nahal, Sudan (Geneva, 1972), p. 8, deals fully with the issue of Eritrean refugees in Sudan. Page 267 Note 2 Sudan-Tanzania Joint Release, 1972, Khartoum, S.S.U. Records, Executive Office, mimeographed. Page 262 Note 1 The Sudan Research Unit, founded in 1964 at The University of Khartoum, and its extension to the Institute of African and Asian Studies in July 1972 have re-influenced these efforts at the academic level. The publication of the work of the February 1968 international conference was an important step “in the objective definition of Sudan`s place in Africa.” See Hasan, Yusuf Fadl (note), Sudan in Africa (Khartoum, 1971), preface. Page 251 Note 1 Interview with DrWol, Wol in “The South: three years of peace,” in Africa (London), 43, 03 1975, p. 91. … signed the Addis Ababa Agreement on 27 February 1972. The agreement ended 17 years of conflict between Anya Nya and the Sudanese army and launched autonomy for the southern region, which is no longer in the three provinces of Al-Istiw`iyyah (Equatoria), Baar al-Ghazl and… The Addis Ababa Agreement of 1972 ended the conflict only temporarily and, over the next ten years, large-scale fighting resumed with the Second Civil War (1983-2005).

Page 263 Note 1 Babikir Awadallah, born in 1917, was Prime Minister, May-October 1969; Minister of Foreign Affairs, May 1969-July 1970; Minister of Justice, October 1969/71 and Deputy Prime Minister, June 1970/71; And vice-president, October 1971-May 1972, when he resigned during a trip to Cairo. Another prominent “Arabist” who left the government at the time was Major General Khalid Hassan Abbas, a member of the Revolutionary Command Council, May 1969-72; Chief of Staff, October 1969-June 1970; Minister of Defence 1969/72 and Vice-President 1971-February 1972, when he resigned from all his posts. In July 1975, he was appointed Presidential Advisor for African Affairs. Page 252 Note 4 Khalid, Mansour, Hawar ma Al Safwa (Khartoum, 1972), p. 46, translated from Arabic. Page 262 Note 2 The Palestine Liberation Organization opened its office in Khartoum in 1961 and received a $50,000 gift in 1967. Although it was permitted to be broadcast as the voice of Palestine by Omdurman radio, this authorization was withdrawn after opposition to the Egyptian adoption of the UN Security Council resolution on Palestine in November 1967 and Rodgers` proposals in July 1970, a position supported by Sudan. This transfer did not resume, but in January 1971, a gift from S40,000 to the P.L.O. In 1972, in the face of the lowest relations in relations between Sudan and Egypt, the President reaffirmed the support of Sudanese commandos and criticized him for its setbacks due to the fact that the Arab states bordering Israel had hindered their free work.